I’ve posted an updated version of this article here, using the new full-duplex streaming API.
Just yesterday, Google pushed version 11 of their Chrome browser into beta, and along with it, one really interesting new feature- support for the HTML5 speech input API. This means that you’ll be able to talk to your computer, and Chrome will be able to interpret it. This feature has been available for awhile on Android devices, so many of you will already be used to it, and welcome the new feature.
If you’re running Chrome version 11, you can test out the new speech capabilities by going to their simple test page on the html5rocks.com site:
Genius! but how does it work? I started digging around in the Chromium source code, to find out if the speech recognition is implemented as a library built into Chrome, or, if it sends the audio back to Google to process- I know I’ve seen the Sphynx libraries in the Android build, but I was sure the latter was the case- the speech recognition was really good, and that’s really hard to do without really good language models- not something you’d be able to build into a browser.
I found the files I was looking for in the chromium source repo:
It looks like the audio is collected from the mic, and then passed via an HTTPS POST to a Google web service, which responds with a JSON object with the results. Looking through their audio encoder code, it looks like the audio can be either FLAC or Speex– but it looks like it’s some sort of specially modified version of Speex- I’m not sure what it is, but it just didn’t look quite right.
If that’s the case, there should be no reason why I can’t just POST something to it myself?
The URL listed in speech_recognition_request.cc is:
So a quick few lines of PERL (or PHP or just use wget on the command line):
my $url = "https://www.google.com/speech-api/v1/recognize?xjerr=1&client=chromium&lang=en-US";
my $audio = "";
open(FILE, "<" . $ARGV);
$audio .= $_;
my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
my $response = $ua->post($url, Content_Type => "audio/x-flac; rate=16000", Content => $audio);
This quick PERL script uses LWP::UserAgent to POST the binary audio from my audio clip; I recorded a quick wav file, and then converted it to FLAC on the command line (see SoX for more info)
To run it, just do:
[root@prague mike]# ./speech i_like_pickles.flac
The response is pretty straight forward JSON:
"utterance": "i like pickles",
"utterance": "i like pickle"
I’m not sure if Google is intending this to be a public, usable web service API, but it works- and has all sorts of possibilities!